Selection of studies composed by
Philip Julius Van Zuylen Van Nyevelt
(The Netherlands, 5.2.1743-20.1.1826)
Possibly also the first who suggested the idea of shuffling the startposition as mentioned, in 1792, in the first original Dutch chess book by Philip Julius, Count Van Zuylen van Nijevelt,
He was a Dutch army general, senator of the French Empire, and one-time Napoleonic governor of Amsterdam.
He did not like the openings with their boring repetition of patterns, which enabled weaker players to memorize moves with which they could beat stronger ones.
He suggested determining the places of the pieces by lot, "because the positions can then be changed infinitely, and it will certainly not be possible anymore to study them beforehand.
(All his studies, more exact dates, possible corrections or cooks and exact details about sources can be found in the